Rational Feed

Scott:

Non Expert Explanation by Scott Alexander – Some things, such as social skills, are hard to teach. Different people need different examples. People also need to ask questions and get answers from people who think similarly to them. This is why its useful for lots of people to explain the same topics.

Rationalist:

When Nothing Matters by mindlevelup – “More interestingly, perhaps, a rule I’ve been noticing myself thinking more about is the rule that ‘Your choice really doesn’t matter. Just pick A’.”

Writing As Input Vs Writing As Output by mindlevelup – Writing for the development of your own thoughts. Writing for others, which requires a working theory of mind of the audience. The benefits of re-writing your work.

Problems As Dragons And Papercuts by Elo – “Problem solving is not something everyone is good at because problems are hard, beasts of a thing. Right? For all my searching for problems, I keep coming back to that just not being accurate. Problems are all easy, dumb, simple things. Winning at life is not about taking on the right dragon and finding it’s weak spots.”

EA:

Talent Gaps Survey 2017 by 80,000 Hours – Key Figures: Willingness to pay to bring forward hires. Most needed skills. Funding vs talent constraints. Relative effectiveness of working to solve different problems.

Politics and Economics:

All Pay Liability by Robin Hanson – “Today, I’ll post on a more efficient system of accident liability, which similarly raises more revenue at a lower cost.”

Podcasts:

Transcript Conversation: Brink Lindsey Steve Teles by Marginal Revolution – “We talk about liberaltarianism, how bad is crony capitalism really, whether government affects the distribution of wealth much, universities as part of the problem, whether IP law is too lax or too tough, why Steve didn’t do better in high school, the British system of government, Charles Murray, the Federalist Society, Karl Marx, Thailand, the Coase Theorem, and Star Trek, among other topics.”

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Rational Feed

Scott:

Postmodernism For Rationalists My Attempt by Scott Alexander – Scott’s now retracted explanation of postmodernism: “Thinking about agendas is at least as important as thinking about facts.”

Rationalist:

The Craft And The Community A Post Mortem And Resurrection by bendini (LW 2.0) – “It has been nearly a decade since the Craft and the Community was published. Eliezer outlined a plan, hoping that someone would take the reins while he was working on AI alignment. We were told to go forth and create the art yet art creation has been overlooked, like a homeless man we try to avoid eye contact with.”

In Defense Of Common Sense Tribalism by toonalfrink (LW 2.0) – “The rationalist bucket error is that tribalism is wrong because it implies {ingroup bias, status-quo bias, bandwagon effect, anchoring, …}, which implies less happiness and productivity. Supposedly, the apparent irrationality of those things makes them unforgivable, therefore we shouldn’t even bother with tribalism.”

EA:

Against Neglectedness by Arepo (EA forum) – 80K’s framework. Scale. ‘Solvability’ and Neglectedness. Clustered Values and Diminishing Returns. Fungibility. The consequences of devaluing neglectedness.

Multiversewide Cooperation In A Nutshell by Lukas Gloor (EA forum) – “Multiverse-wide cooperation via superrationality (abbreviation: MSR) is the idea that, if I think about different value systems and their respective priorities in the world, I should not work on the highest priority according to my own values, but on whatever my comparative advantage is amongst all the interventions favored by the value systems of agents interested in multiverse-wide cooperation.”

Politics and Economics:

Psycho Conservatism What It Is When To Doubt It by Sarah Constantin – The distinctive psychological and social concerns of psychological conservatism. Three major weaknesses.

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Competitive Truth Seeking by SatvikBeri (LW 2.0) – “One of the most common mistakes I see people make is trying to apply non-competitive intuitions to competitive dynamics. But the winning strategies are very different! It is not enough to be right – others must be wrong. Rather than having a high success rate across all situations, you want to find an edge in some situations, and bet heavily when you find a mistake in the consensus.”

Touchy Feely Bull in a China Shop by Bryan Caplan – Bryan Caplan’s children quickly left HS to continue homeschooling. ‘Touchy Feely’ teaching has many issues: Some subjects are clearly objective, things like art projects waste time, many students dislike TF, TF teachers don’t settle for passive obedience, confirmation and social desirability bias.

Research Syndicates by whpearson (LW 2.0) – “Let us assume we want to encourage people following high risk long term research paths. How might you do this without also just getting people sucking up the energy and not producing good research. One possibility I’ve been musing about is research syndicates”

Activation Energies And Uncertainty by whpearson (LW 2.0) – “If you should’t expect to get easy money, what then is hard money and can you get that?”

Rational Feed

Scott:

Martin Luthurl by Scott Alexander – SSC standard links post.

Rationalist:

An Equilibrium Of No Free Energy by Eliezer Yudkowsky (LW 2.0) – “I am now going to introduce some concepts that lack established names in the economics literature—though I don’t believe that any of the basic ideas are new to economics. First, I want to distinguish between the standard economic concept of efficiency (as in efficient pricing) and the related but distinct concepts of inexploitability and adequacy, which are what usually matter in real life.”

Cutting Edge Technology by Elo – The microscope opened up the entire field of micro-biology. Which current technologies are under-utilized.

Book Post For October 3 by Ozy – Book post. Lots of books on parenting. A long review of “The New Jim Crow”.

Politics and Economics:

Automation And Post Scarcity by Grey Enlightenment – Fear of automation is overblown. Despite automation many important things have gotten more expensive in inflation adjusted terms, robotic surgery is extremely expensive, automation creates industries and increases demand for entertainment.

Notes On Values by sam[]zdat – “Values get used as axioms in debates, shorthand in conversation, symbols of judgment. x is bad because y because that leads to idleness, x is bad because y which is basically docetism, x is the worst because y was Hitler. The problem with Godwin’ing is that it’s too blunt, but the underlying concept is genuinely desirable”

Podcast:

Claire Walsh: Evidence In Development by 80,000 Hours – “How can they get evidence backed policies adopted? Do politicians in the developing world even care whether their programs actually work? Is the norm evidence-based policy, or policy-based evidence?”

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Leaders Of Men by Zvi Moshowitz – “If a system has unique big advantages, they’re not effectively competing on less big things. They might be optimizing small things, but they don’t have to, so you can’t assume such things are optimized at all. Even when a system does not have unique advantages, anything insufficiently central is likely not optimized because it’s not worthy of attention. It is much, much easier to pick out a way in which a system is sub-optimal, than it is to implement or run that system at anything like its current level of optimization.”

In Defense Of Epistemic Modesty by Thrasymachus (LW 2.0) – “In virtually all cases, the credence you hold for any given belief should be dominated by the balance of credences held by your epistemic peers and superiors. One’s own convictions should weigh no more heavily in the balance than that of one other epistemic peer.”

The Copernican Revolution From The Inside by jacobjacob (LW 2.0) – “Copernicus system was not immediately superior. It was rejected by many people who were not puppets of the Church. And among those who did accept it, better fit to the data was not a main reason. What did in fact happen will become clear in a moment. But in reading that, I’d like to prompt you to consider the events from a very particular vantage point: namely what they would be like from the inside”

Podcast:

Rs 196 Eric Schwitzgebel On Weird Ideas And Opaque Minds by Rationally Speaking – “Philosopher Eric Schwitzgebel returns to the show to explore several related questions: His taxonomy of the three different styles of thinker — “Truth,” “Dare,” and “Wonder” — and whether one of them is better than the others. His case for why it’s bad to interpret people “charitably.” And his seemingly paradoxical claim that we are frequently wrong about our own conscious experience.”

Michael Munger 4 by EconTalk – “Munger argues that the ability to innovate without permission is the most important concept of political economy. Munger defends this claim and explores the metaphor of emergent order as a dance, a metaphor coming from the German poet Schiller.”

Conflict in Congress by The Ezra Klein Show – “Here’s a counterintuitive thought: maybe Congress in particular, and politics in general, has too little conflict, not too much.”

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Inadequacy And Modesty by Eliezer Yudkowsky (LW 2.0) – “The following is the beginning of Inadequate Equilibria, a new sequence/book on a generalization of the notion of efficient markets, and on this notion’s implications for practical decision-making and epistemic rationality. This is a book about two incompatible views on the age-old question: ‘When should I think that I may be able to do something unusually well?'”

New Atheism by Sidrea – “A key point of the New Atheists – the sharp and pointy one which stuck in the craw of the liberal left – was that religion wasn’t merely false, it was bad. The New Atheists contend that the beliefs we hold have consequences for our conduct. That contention, just in and of itself, offends against certain philosophical commitments most on the left have without really being aware they have them.”

AI:

There Was Only One Industrial Revolution by Luke Muehlhauser – Many people took about three industrial revolutions, the last of which involves personal computers and the internet. However only the first industrial revolution actually caused a step change in the rate of economic growth. If AI causes an “industrial revolution” the revolution will probably resemble the first one.

Rational Feed

Rationslist:

Postmodernism For Rationalists by Pale Green Dot – Defining postmodernism. Yudkowskian rationalism is quintessentially modern. Postmodern art, literature and architecture contrasted with their modern/classical counterparts. God as a meme and social phenomenon, God is dead. Individualism and Capitalism. Epistemology. Deconstruction. Playing with words matters. Evidence for Postmodernism. Miller’s Law “To understand what another person is saying, you must assume that it is true and try to imagine what it could be true of”. Slavoj Zizek. Is postmodernism rational?

Politics and Economics:

Is Twitters Success Due To Seeming A Bit Dumb by Tom Bartleby – If twitter had faced substantial early competition from copycats it would probably have become an open protocol like email. However Twitter seemed kind of dumb so no serious copycats arose.