Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Bring Back The Sabbath by Zvi Moshowitz – Five ways slack is preserved. Four freedoms. How Orthodox of a Sabbath to hold. Seven categories of allowed or forbidden activities. Simplified rules.

Sabbath Commentary by Zvi Moshowitz – Zvi answers why the Sabbath adds slack when it seems to remove it. What sort of Sabbath restrictions to follow. Friday Sabbath Dinner. Travel (lack thereof) and being close to friends. Limits on technology. Notifications. Writing. Watching Sports.

Politics and Economics:

The Revenge Of The Nerds Economy by Grey Enlightenment – 18 charts comparing groups, among them: Labor Force Participation, Wages, STEM vs non-STEM job growth. Manufacturing and energy jobs in decline. Routine vs non-routine cognitive jobs. Economic stratification. Rent vs Income. Capital vs labor.

Clueless World Vs Loser World by Michael Vassar (LW 2.0) – “In a world where there are 5.17-6.56% more bureaucratic positions to compete for every year and the ability to afford necessities is in rapid decline for those unable to find a bullshit job, doing otherwise would be maladaptive self-sacrifice.”

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Rational Feed

Scott:

Ssc Survey Results On Trust by Scott Alexander – Scott looks at the SSC survey to find what correlates with trust. A main result is that conservatives are less trusting. Gender/Race mostly don’t correlate.

Rationalist:

Buckets And Bayes by Conor Moreton (LW 2.0) – Classes on combos of two techniques were especially successful at CFAR. “Problematic integration of evidence. There is data coming in that, if it were allowed to land according to normal operating procedures, would force some kind of drastic and possibly destructive outcome.” If you don’t have a way to handle the data in a healthy way stonewalling it can actually be adaptive.

The Fairness Of Baskets by Tom Bartleby – In fables people’s baskets of problems are roughly equally heavy, is this so in real life? Fairness vs equality and procedural fairness. Genetic lotteries. In the end only happiness matters?

The Self And Disembodied Predictive Processing by Entirely Useless – The bunker model of cognition. Knowledge of self is not primary, but reflective. Helen Keller and language as a technology of thought.

EA:

Have Ea Priorities Changed Over Time by Tee (EA forum) – EAs are becoming more favorable to AI risk. EAs are less likely to rate poverty as a top or near-top cause. EAs are not becoming less favorable to animal welfare.

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

The Problematic Third Person Perspective by abramdemski (LW 2.0) – There is no impartial judge in a discussion, engage with other people’s actual reasons. Moreover engage with your own real reasons, not the reasons you would give to an imaginary judge. Burden of Proof. Judging yourself. Replacing Guilt.

Politics and Economics:

Brief Note On Catalonia by Artir – Unilateral declarations of independence are rare. Right to self-determination and common international law. What precedent would the referendum set?

Disambiguation On The Stone by sam[]zdat – A long explanation of Sam’s previous post. People behave reasonably without understanding why. Because of selection pressures good behaviors survive, hence there is a disconnect between conscious reasons and actual reasons. Teleology and myth. Evolution, biological and cultural. Traditions. Nihilism.

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Writing That Provokes Comments by Raemon (LW 2.0) – Six strategies that actually produce more comments: Be Wrong, Be Controversial, Write About Things People Feel Qualified to Have Opinions On, Invoke Social Reality, Be So Inspiring That People Create Entire Fandoms of Your Work, Leave People With An Unsolved Problem That They Care About. The current incentive structure around comments is problematic. Ray’s hopes for a better environment.

Hyperbolic Growth by Paul Christiano – A list of the first eight economic doubling times. Extrapolating this trend into the future implies extreme rates of technological growth in the near future (around 2043). This is supported by recent trends in technology.

Meaningfulness And The Scope Of Experience by Kaj Sotala – Game design definition: “Meaningful play in a game as emerging when the relationships between actions and outcomes are both discernible and integrated into the larger context of the game.” An implication is that if you keep the scope of your goals close you will be happier, but the scope of caring about the far future is very large.

EA:

Infant Mortality And The Argument From Life History by Ozy – Is nature mostly filled with suffering? Counterarguments: The Human History thought experiment, The Baby Killer thought experiment, The Long-Lived Babykillers thought experiment.

Podcast:

Christine Peterson Computer Security by 80,000 Hours – Space colonization. Can technology ‘move fast and break things’ without eventually breaking the world? Whether the poor security of computer systems poses a catastrophic risk for the world. Will AIs designed for wide-scale automated hacking make computers more or less secure? Would it be good to radically extend human lifespan? Cryonics. Nanotech. Should altruists work long hours for low pay or take care of themselves first? How EA resembles 70s and 80s Silicon Valley.

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

You Too Can See Suffering by Squirrel In Hell – How to not miss the obvious suffering of people and animals around you: Fix yourself right up! Live your emotions! Get out of your head! Look Around!

Knowing What You Can Afford by Tom Bartleby – The actual cost of a Good Life. Houses. Income & taxes. Savings.

Politics and Economics:

Doing The Best by Bryan Caplan – Review of ‘Fatherhood in the Inner City’. “Doing the Best I Can is immersive. As I read, I felt like I was there. Even better, though, Edin and Nelson never take their subjects’ words at face value. They peer through the fog of self-justification, painting a gripping portrait of a dysfunctional subculture.”

Misc:

Book Post For September by Ozy – Book Reviews. Major topics include: Pregnancy and pregnancy related depression, diet and intuitive eating, relationship advice. Ozy gives a relatively long review of a book she summarizes as “Horrible Rapey Misogynist Gives Reasonable Marriage Advice”.

Rational Feed

Scott:

Different Worlds by Scott Alexander – People experience hugely different social realities. Scott projects a field which causes people to be calm and nice, implications for his psychology practice, paranoia vs pathological trust, Scott’s bubbles, abuse victim bubbles, which women experience sexism and which don’t.

Rationalist:

How Social Bubbles Are Made by Jadagul – Response to Scott’s article. The author projects a trustworthiness field. People like people who like them. Three methods of increasing your likability-field. Filtering for assholes by rewarding people for over-stepping your boundaries.

AI:

Reply To Christiano On Ai Risk by Robin Hanson – Hanson responds to two concerns of Paul Christiana: A decentralized autonomous organization to maximize profit would get out of control, the distribution of resources immediately after AGI is created will persist over long long timelines.

Politics and Economics:

India Japan Divergence by pseudoerasmus – “At the beginning of the 20th century, the Indian and the Japanese textile industries had similar levels of wages and productivity, and both were exporting to global markets. But by the 1930s, Japan had surpassed the UK to become the world’s dominant exporter of textiles; while the Indian industry withdrew behind the tariff protection of the British Raj. Technology, human capital, and industrial policy were minor determinants of this divergence, or at least they mattered conditional on labour relations.”

Selection Bias In The Quarry by sam[]zdat – Schopenhauer, whether humans are rational, relative and absolute truth and the difference between ‘act’ and ‘know’.

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Predictive Processing by Entirely Useless – Responses to quotes from Surfing Uncertainty and Scott’s review. A large focus is the “darkened room” problem.

Also Against Individual IQ Worries by Scott Aaronson – IQ tests tend to ask unclear questions and require you to reverse engineer what the test maker meant. Scott’s own IQ was once measured at 106.

Dojo Bad Day Contingency Plan by Elo – Eleizer’s discussion of why rationality theory isn’t enough, you need to practice. An exercise about improving your mental on bad days.

AI:

An Outside View Of Ai Control by Robin Hanson – Non-singularity scenarios where software performs almost all jobs. Software usually reflects the social organization of those who made it. Entrench designs and systems. Don’t work on the control problem until its time. Human control and AI control. Most AI failures in this scenario will cause limited damage and can be handled after they occur.

Politics and Economics:

The OpenPhil Report On Incarceration by The Unit of Caring – “Our prison system isn’t just not-rehabilitative; it is anti-rehabilitative. It traumatizes and retraumatizes people and severs their connections to people and opportunities within the law and abuses them and breaks social trust and produces crime which is then used to justify longer prison sentences which produce more crime.”

Comment on Oppressed Groups and Slack by Benquo – People who are oppressed often lack the slack to maintain their morals. Seven Samurai. This has the troubling implication that while we should listen to the oppressed the relatively privileged should maintain leadership. However it also implies that oppressed group’s behavior will improve after enough time without a boot on their neck.

Why White Identity Doesn’t Work by Grey Enlightenment – Who counts as white. Race is secondary to ancestry and culture. No unifying cause or struggle. Whites may be biologically individualist. Too much infighting.

Podcast:

Robert Wright by EconTalk – “The psychotherapeutic insights of Buddhism and the benefits of meditation and mindfulness. Wright argues our evolutionary past has endowed us with a mind that can be ill-suited to the stress of the present. He argues that meditation and the non-religious aspects of Buddhism can reduce suffering and are consistent with recent psychological research.”

Rs 194 Robert Wright On Why Buddhism Is True by Rationally Speaking – “Why Buddhism was right about human nature: its diagnosis that the our suffering is mainly due to a failure to see reality clearly, and its prescription that meditation can help us see more clearly. Robert and Julia discuss whether it’s suspicious that a religion turned out to be “right” about human nature, what it means for emotions to be true or false, and whether there are downsides to enlightenment.”

Creating Trump by The Ezra Klein Show – “How the Republican Party created Trump, how Trump won, and what comes next. As Dionne says in this interview, the American system was “not supposed to produce a president like this,” and so a lot of our conversation is about how the guardrails failed and whether they can be rebuilt.”