Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Bring Up Genius by Viliam (lesswrong) – An “80/20” translation. Positive motivation. Extreme resistence from the Hungarian government and press. Polgar’s five principles. Biting criticism of the school system. Learning in early childhood. Is Genius a gift or curse? Celebrity. Detailed plan for daily instruction. Importance of diversity. Why chess? Teach the chess with love, playfully. Emancipation of women. Polgar’s happy family.

Kindness Against The Grain by Sarah Constantin (Otium) – Sympathy and forgiveness evolved to follow local incentive gradients. Some details on we sympathize with and who we don’t. The difference between a good deal and a sympathetic deal. Smooth emotional gradients and understanding what other people want. Forgiveness as not following the local gradient and why this can be useful.

Bet Or Update Fixing The Will to Wager Assumption by cousin_it (lesswrong) – Betting with better informed agents is irrational. Bayesian agents should however update their prior or agree to bet. Good discussion in comments.

EA:

A Powerful Weapon in the Arsenal (Links Post) by GiveDirectly – 8 Links on Basic Income, Effective Altruism, Cash Transfers and Donor Advised Funds

Misc:

Fuckers Vs Raisers by AellaGirl – Evolutionary psychology. The qualities that are attractive in a guy who sleeps around are also attractive in a guy who wants to settle down.

Bike To Work Houston by Mr. Money Mustache – How a lawyer bikes to work in Houston. Bikes are surprisingly fast relative to cars in cities. Houston is massive.

A Remark On Usury by Entirely Useless – “To take usury for money lent is unjust in itself, because this is to sell what does not exist, and this evidently leads to inequality which is contrary to justice.” Thomas Aquinas is quoted at length explaining the preceding statement. EntirelyUseless argues that Aquinas mixes up the buyer and the seller.

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Rational Feed

Politics and Economics:

Why Universities Cant Be The Primary Site Of Political Organizing by Freddie deBoer – Few people on campus. Campus activism is seasonal. Students are an itinerant population. Town and gown conflicts. Students are too busy. First priority is employment. Is activism a place for student growth?. Labor principles.

Misc:

Thingness And Thereness by Venkatesh Rao (ribbonfarm) – The relation between politics, home and frontier. Big Data, deep learning and the blockchain. Liminal spaces and conditions.

Reducers Transducers And Coreasync In Clojure by Eli Bendersky – “I find it fascinating how one good idea (reducers) morphed into another (transducers), and ended up mating with yet another, apparently unrelated concept (concurrent pipelines) to produce some really powerful coding abstractions.”

Podcast:

Newcomers by Venam – A transcript of a discussion about advice for new Unix users. Purpose. Communities. Learning by Yourself. Technical Tips. Venam linked tons of podcast transcripts today. Check them out.

Rational Feed

Scott:

Is Pharma Research Worse Than Chance by Scott Alexander – The most promising drugs of the 21st century are MDMA and ketamine (third is psilocybin). These drugs were all found by the drug community. Maybe pharma should look for compounds with large effect sizes instead of searching for drugs with no side-effects.

Tumblr Post by Scott Alexander (Scratchpad) – The leader of the terrorist attack in London was in a documentary about jihadists living in Britain. “Being the sort of person who seems likely to commit a crime isn’t illegal.” Involuntary commitment.

Rationalist:

Becoming A Better Community by Sable (lesswrong) – Lesswrong holds its memebers to a high standard. Intimacy requires unguarded spontaneous interactions. Concrete ideas to add more fun and friendship to lesswrong.

Conformity Excuses by Robin Hanson – Human behavior is often explained by pressure to conform. However we consciously experience much less pressure. Robin discusses a list of ways to rationalize conforming.

Deorbiting A Metaphor by H i v e w i r e d – Another post in the origin sequence. Rationalist Myth-making. (note: I am unlikely to keep linking all of these. Follow hivewired’s blog)

EA:

New Report Consciousness And Moral Patienthood by Luke Muehlhauser (Open Philosophy) – “In short, my tentative conclusions are that I think mammals, birds, and fishes are more likely than not to be conscious, while (e.g.) insects are unlikely to be conscious. However, my probabilities are very “made-up” and difficult to justify, and it’s not clear to us what actions should be taken on the basis of such made-up probabilities.”

A Paradox in the Measurement of the Value of Life by klloyd (EA Forum) – Eight Thousand words on: “A Health Economics Puzzle: Why are there apparent inconsistencies in the monetary valuation of a statistical life (VSL) and a quality-adjusted life year (QALY$)?”

Podcast:

Masha Gessen: Russian-American journalist by The Ezra Klein Show – Trump and Russia, plausible and sinister explanation. Ways Trump is and isn’t like Putin, studying autocracies, the psychology of Jared Kushner

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Finite And Infinite by Sarah Constantin (Otium) – “James Carse, in Finite and Infinite Games, sets up a completely different polarity, between infinite game-playing (which is open-ended, playful, and non-competitive) vs. finite game-playing (which is definite, serious, and competitive).” Playfulness, property, and cooperating with people who seriously weird you out.

Mode Collapse And The Norm One Principle by tristanm (lesswrong) – Generative Adversarial Networks. Applying the lessons of Machine Learning to discourse. How to make progress when the critical side of discourse is very powerful. “My claim is that any contribution to a discussion should satisfy the “Norm One Principle.” In other words, it should have a well-defined direction, and the quantity of change should be feasible to implement.”

Cognitive Sciencepsychology As A Neglected by Kaj Sotala (EA forum) – Ways psychology could benefit AI safety: “The psychology of developing an AI safety culture, Developing better analyses of ‘AI takeoff’ scenarios, Defining just what it is that human values are, Better understanding multi-level world-models.” Lots of interesting links.

On Resignation by Small Truths – Artificial intelligence. “It’s an embarrassing lapse, but I did not think much about how the very people who already know all the stuff I’m learning would behave. I wasn’t thinking enough steps ahead. Seen in this context, Neuralink isn’t an exciting new tech venture so much as a desperate hope to mitigate an unavoidable disaster.”

Optimizing For Meta Optimization by H i v e w i r e d – A very long list of human cultural universals and comments on which ones to encourage/discourage: Myths, Language, Cognition, Society. Afterwards some detailed bullet points about an optimal dath ilanian culture.

Culture War:

One Day We Will Make Offensive Jokes by AellaGirl – “This is why I feel suspicious of some groups that strongly oppose offensive jokes – they have the suspicion that every person is like my parents – that every human “actually wants” all the terrible things to happen.”

Some Observations On Cis By Default Identification by Ozy (Thing of Things) – Many ‘cis-by-default’ people are repressing or not noticing their gender feelings. This effect strongly depends on a person’s community.

Amusement:

Create 2314 by protokol2020 – Find the shortest algorithm to create the number 2314 using a prescribed set of operations.

Podcast:

Christy Ford by EconTalk – “A history of how America’s health care system came to be dominated by insurance companies or government agencies paying doctors per procedure.”

Rational Feed

Scott:

Open Thread 77- Opium Thread by Scott Alexander – Bi-weekly open thread. Includes some comments of the week and an update on translating “Bringing Up Genius”.

Rationalist:

Until We Build Dath Ilan by H i v e w i r e d – Eliezer’s Sci-fi utopia Dath Ilan. The nature of the rationalist community. A purpose for the rationality community. Lots of imagery and allusions. A singer is someone who tries to do good.

The Personal Growth Cycle by G Gordon Worley (Map and Territory) – Stages of Development. “Development starts from a place of integration, followed by disintegration into confusion, which through active efforts at reintegration in a safe space results in development. If a safe space for reintegration is not available, development may not proceed.”

Script for the rationalist seder is linked by Raemon (lesswrong) – An explanation of Rationalist Seder, a remix of the Passover Seder refocused on liberation in general. A story of two tribes and the power of stories. The full Haggadah/script for the rationalist Seder is linked.

Politics and Economics:

A Brief Argument With Apparently Informed Global Warming Denialists by Artir (Nintil) – Details of the back and forth argument. So commentary on practical rationality and speculation about how the skeptic might have felt.

Book Review Weapons Of Math Destruction by Zvi Moshowitz – Extremely long. “What the book is actually mostly about on its surface, alas, is how bad and unfair it is to be a Bayesian. There are two reasons, in her mind, why using algorithms to be a Bayesian is just awful.”

Misc:

Text To Speech Speed by Jeff Kaufman – Text to speech has become a very efficient way to interact with computers. Questions about settings. Very short.

Podcast:

Nick Szabo by Tim Ferriss – “Computer scientist, legal scholar, and cryptographer best known for his pioneering research in digital contracts and cryptocurrency.”

Rational Feed

Rationalist:

Relinquishment Cultivation by Agenty Duck – Agenty Duck designs meditation to cultivate the attitude of “If X is true I wish to believe X, if X is not true I wish to believe not X”. The technique is inspired by ‘loving-kindness’ meditation.

Do Ai Experts Exist by Bayesian Investor – Some of the numbers from ” When Will AI Exceed Human Performance? Evidence from AI Experts” don’t make sense.

Politics and Economics:

Population By Country And Region 10K BCE to 2016 CE by Luke Muehlhauser – 204 countries, 27 region. Links to the database used and a forthcoming explanatory paper. From 10K BCE to 0 CE gaps are 1000 years. From 0 CE to 1700 CE gaps are 100 years. After that they are 10 years long.

EA:

How Givewell Uses Cost Effectiveness Analyses by The GiveWell Blog – GiveWell doesn’t take its estimates literally, unless one charity is measured as 2-3x as cost-effective GiveWell is unsure if a difference exists. Cost-effective is however the most important factor in GiveWell’s recommendations. GiveWell goes into detail about how it deals with great uncertainty and suboptimal data.

Adding New Funds To Ea Funds by the Center for Effective Altruism (EA forum) – The Center for Effective Altruism wants feedback on whether it should add more EA funds. Each question is followed by a detailed list of critical considerations.